Breast cancer affects millions of women around the world every year. It is one of the commonest cancers afflicting women. What most of us are unaware of is that breast cancer can affect men as well. The best cancer doctors in Mumbai are working to spread awareness about male breast cancer. In this article, we will talk about the symptoms and risk factors associated with male breast cancer.
What is Breast Cancer?
Breast cancer has different types. It depends on the tissues of the breast that are affected.
At first, the healthy cells change and create a cover of cells or tumors. Breast cancer can spread if the cancer cells move to other parts of the body. However, the types of breast cancer are almost the same both in men and women.
Men with breast cancer feel small lumps. Most breast lumps are rooted in gynecomastia, which enlarges the breast tissues of men. However, breast cancer, both in men and women, can be cured if diagnosed early. But in most cases, breast cancer in men is diagnosed later than in women. It is advisable to be aware of the symptoms and to consult the best cancer doctors in Mumbai for diagnosis and treatment.
What Are The Symptoms of Male Breast Cancer?
A few common symptoms to look out for are:
- Unusual swelling or visible lump in the breast.
- Sudden irritation on the skin around the breast.
- Change of color or redness in the breast.
- If any discharge comes out of the nipple.
Most of the time, men with breast cancer do not get diagnosed at an early stage. One of the reasons behind that is lack of information. The key is to increase awareness among men that they can have breast cancer.
The consequences of breast cancer among men and women are the same. Breast cancer in men can be treated by the best cancer doctors in Mumbai if the symptoms are identified early.
Types of Male Breast Cancers:
The types of breast cancer found are the same in men and women. One of the most common male breast cancer types is Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC). Other types of breast cancer are Invasive Lobular Carcinoma, Ductal Carcinoma in Situ, and Inflammatory Breast Cancer.
- Invasive Ductal Carcinoma: In this type, cancer cells start from the ducts of breasts and grow at the outside of the duct of a breast.
- Invasive Lobular Carcinoma: It is different from ductal breast cancer. Invasive Lobular Carcinoma grows in the tissue called lobular tissue. The breast of a man does not have much lobular tissue, and this is what makes such type of breast cancer to be one rare type.
- Ductal Carcinoma in Situ: Ductal Carcinoma in Situ is non-invasive breast cancer. In this breast cancer, the cells that keep the ducts in line get changed to cancer cells without spreading to the other breast tissues.
- Inflammatory Breast Cancer: Inflammatory Breast Cancer is rare. Here the cancer cells block the lymph vessels in the skin of the breast. As a result, one’s breast with Inflammatory Breast Cancer looks red and swollen. It is why this breast cancer is called inflammatory.
Factors Leading to Male Breast Cancer:
Age – Growing older can increase the risk of breast cancer. Though men of all ages can have breast cancer, it is more common in men above 60 years.
Family History of Breast Cancer – Having a family history of breast cancer can increase the risk of having it.
Increasing Estrogen Levels – Though a woman’s body has more estrogen than a man’s, men have some estrogen in their bodies. A higher estrogen level can lead a male to breast cancer. Estrogen levels increase due to medication for other diseases like prostate cancer. In such a case, it is advisable to consult the best cancer doctors in Mumbai.
Liver Disease – Liver diseases like cirrhosis (scarring) can be a risk factor for breast cancer.
So lastly, without wasting time, you must visit the doctor in any best cancer hospital in Mumbai if going through any of the symptoms. Also, if you belong to a family where someone close had or has breast cancer, you should get checked by the best cancer doctors in Mumbai. Though it is a rare disease, it can strike at any time.